Shivapuri is the second highest peak among the hills surrounding the Kathmandu Valley. It is 2732m at its peak with numerous sharp ridges radiating to all sides. Situated towards the north of the Kathmandu Valley, due to its strategic location and convenience, Shivapuri was proclaimed as a watershed area supplying more than a million liters of natural spring water to the city. After Shivapuri experienced several problems concerning soil erosion as a result of deforestation, over- grazing, cultivation on steep slopes etc.; reducing the quality and quantity of the water supplied, His Majesty’s Govt. of Nepal initiated a program to protect Shivapuri and its adjoining areas as a watershed and wildlife reserve in 1975. As recently as, in mid 2002 Shivapuri Watershed and Wildlife Reserve was officially given a National Park status.
Since Shivapuri lies in the transition zone between subtropical and temperate climate, the vegetation consists of a variety of natural forest types, depending on altitude and aspects. Most of the areas below 1800m are covered with Schima castanopsis forest in which pines (Pinus roxburghii) appear on the southern dry ridges, with Utis (Alnus nepalensis) along the streams. A forest of oak species such as Quercus semicarpifolia and Quercus lamelosa mixed with rhododendron and a variety of orchids flourish on the northern slopes. A variety of medicinal herbs is found at higher altitudes. A hundred and twenty nine species of mushrooms have been so far identified and catalogued from the Shivapuri National Park.
Flora and Fauna
Shivapuri lies in a transition zone between subtropical and temperate climates. The vegetation consists of a variety of natural forest types including pine, oak, rhododendron etc, depending on altitude and aspect. Recorded wildlife in the park includes mammalian species such as Himalayan Black bear, leopard, jungle cat, and rhesus monkey. The park is also home to 177 species of birds, including at least 9 threatened species, 102 species of butterflies with a number of rare and endangered species, and 129 species of mushroom.
Shivapuri is one of the main sources of drinking water for Kathmandu Valley. Everyday about 30 million liters of water is tapped from rivers such as the Bagmati and the Bishnumati as well as from several other smaller streams.
Places of Interest
The park is easily accessible from Kathmandu. Visitors are attracted to the park for trekking. Trekking routes to Nagarkot, Gosaikunda, Helambu and Langtang National Park also pass through the park. Several religious sites for the Hindus and the Buddhists lie inside the park.
On Nepalese New Year’s Day, which falls in mid-April, pilgrims from Kathmandu valley and neighboring areas flock to Baghdwar and Bishnudwar of the park from where the sacred rivers Bagmati and Bishnumatii originate.
Visitors can have breathtaking views of the high Himalayas from the northern aspects of the park. Likewise, the panoramic views of Kathmandu valley could be seen from the southern slopes of the park.
Yoga at Shivapuri Village
Shivapuri area is considered as one of the best places on earth to meditate and divulge oneself in yoga and spiritual searches. This is the reason why Shivapuri region holds many legends past and present.
Here at Shivapuri Village can only but try to create the right environment for all guests arriving for yoga, meditation and spiritual practices. This village conduct yoga & spiritual classes on request, and also reserve the premises for retreats. Usually, yoga retreats are conducted by yoga teachers who book our premises for certain duration and we cater to their needs.
Yoga is the total combination of body mind and spirit or individual consciousness to universal consciousness (lower self to higher self) and its incorporation within our daily lives. It helps on all aspects (the physical, mental, vital, psychic, emotional and spiritual) of a person.
It is truly difficult to define yoga in a layman’s term but putting it simply, the word yoga means union or oneness. This word derived from the Sanskrit word yog, which means to join. When our bodily soul unites with the Supreme Soul or transcends to the enlightenment state, it is called yoga. Union of the lower self with the universal plane is also known as yoga.
There are various popular yoga practices available these days:
Hatha yoga is the science of purification. It purifies our physical and mental impurities through Shat Karma. Aasanas, Pranayamas, Mandalas, Meditation and etc.. Hatha Yoga is the process of attaining and maintaining perfect physical, mental and spiritual equilibrium by manipulating the pranic and positive energies within our physical bodies.
At Shivapuri Village we conduct Hatha Yoga Sessions and Retreats. Please view yoga schedules and book your spot now.
How to get there:
Distance from Kathmandu city: 25km
- General Direction from Kathmandu : North
- Situated at the northern boundary of Shivapuri National Park
- Altitude: 1920m – 2000m
- 16 km blacktop and 9 km dirt road
- Approx. drive duration 1:30 hrs
Shivapuri Village is situated on the northern face of one of the hills that surrounds the Kathmandu valley. A northerly drive from the city center of Kathmandu will take you to the foothills of Shivapuri Hill at Budhanilkantha. A check-post manned by the army for the National Park is reached after a two km uphill drive from the foothills. It is the entrance to the Shivapuri National Park.
A further two km drive and the black top road finishes and a nine km stretch of dusty road lies ahead. The drive passes through the village of Dandagaon, then to Gurje Bhanjyang after a few kilometers of bumpy ride. An amazing view of mountains, distant hills and valleys greets you once you reach the other side.
The final two km of the road is maintained by Shivapuri Village itself. As the Village nears, a short downhill drive passes through the boundary of the national park and into the premises of Shivapuri Village.