Nepal is a heady mix, a fascinating land of ancient history, vibrant cultures and people, bio-diversity and scenic grandeur. From the magnificent snow-capped peaks to the north, the lesser mountains and midlands in the central region and the tropical jungles and fertile plains to the south, Nepal is a land that is largely defined by its geographical features. Located between China and India, Nepal also stands at the defining frontier of civilisation in this part o the world, showing a true multi-cultural, multi-ethnic amalgamation. This varied landscape has a population of roughly 22 million people, with over 70 languages and dialects.
Close to a third of the length of the greater Himalaya falls within Nepal’s borders. In fat, 8 of the world’s 10 highest mountains lie within the 147,180 sq. km spread of this landlocked mountain kingdom. Geographically, it remains an active zone and the youngest mountains in the world are still in a state of uplift.
Nepal supports an astonishing variety of flora and fauna due to its geographical location, climate, width of less than a 100 km, are conditions ranging from tropical to alpine, from an altitude of 60-100 m above sea level to 8,848m. This unique location and climate has ensured that Nepal has the best of both zoogeographical worlds-flora and fauna of the Orient as well as that of the Holarctic.
Latitude: 28º00´ North of the Equator
Longitude: 84º00´ East of Greenwich
Total: 147,181 km²
Land: 143,181 km²
Water: 4,000 km²
Total: 2,926 km
Border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km
0 km (landlocked)
Lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
Highest point: Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) 8,848 m
The climate of Nepal varies from warm summers with mild winters in the low-lying southern region, to alpine conditions with very severe winters in the mountains where between December and February temperatures drop well below freezing. The best time to travel to Nepal for trekking is in early spring (Mar, Apr, May) or late autumn (Oct, Nov) when the weather is dry and temperatures mild. The monsoon season occurs in the southern regions of Nepal between June and September.
Except in formal gatherings, informal clothes are acceptable everywhere. Warm garments are required October – March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season i.e. July – September.